A laparoscopy is a medical procedure used to view a woman’s reproductive organs. A laparoscope, a thin viewing tube similar to a telescope, is passed through a small incision in the abdomen.
With a laparoscope, the doctor can look directly at the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and nearby organs to detect abnormalities.
A female pelvic laparoscopy is often recommended when other diagnostic tests, like an X-ray or an ultrasound, cannot confirm the cause of a condition.
A laparoscopy can be used to:
- Find the cause of pain in the pelvic and abdominal regions
- Detect and treat suspicious cysts, growths, and abnormal tissue.
- Confirm endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease
- Look for blockage of the fallopian tubes or for other causes of infertility
The procedure is done under general anesthesia. A laparoscope is a small, thin tube with a light on it. The doctor will examine the region for fibroids, polyps, growths, adhesions, scar tissue and cysts. If necessary small samples of tissue are taken for testing.
After the surgery, your doctor will discuss pregnancy options with you. If the fallopian tubes are repaired or fibroids are removed, pregnancy may be likely without assisted reproductive technology. Fertility treatments are recommended when pregnancy doesn’t occur within 6-9 months after surgery.