IVF is the most commonly used fertility treatment for couples struggling with conception. The most common reasons for IVF are ovulation issues and male factor infertility. It is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology, that accounts for 99% of all assisted reproductive technology (ART). IVF is a procedure designed to help a woman get pregnant. When you have problems with egg quality, ovulation, endometriosis, or blocked fallopian tubes, IVF can help. Also, IVF is used when the man has low sperm count or sperm motility issues.
IVF is the abbreviation of in vitro fertilization. In vitro fertilization is a process of fertilization where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro. During IVF, mature eggs are collected from the ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs (embryos) are transferred to the recipient’s uterus. The procedure can be done using your own eggs and your partner’s sperm. Or, IVF can involve eggs, sperm, or embryos from a donor.
From the beginning of the process to the end, IVF takes around 4-7 weeks to complete. This timeframe is considered as one cycle. First, you wait for your eggs to mature, and the doctor retrieves the eggs to fertilized them with your partner or donor’s sperm. You will return in 3-5 days to have the embryos inserted into the uterus.
Your chances of having a healthy baby using IVF depends on many factors, such as your age and the cause of infertility. Your doctor can help you understand how IVF works, the potential risks and whether this method of treating infertility is right for you.