Intrauterine insemination (IUI), also known as artificial insemination is a fertility procedure in which the sperm are washed, concentrated, and placed into the woman’s uterus. IUI helps many women conceive when there are problems with cervical scarring, cervical mucus abnormalities, low sperm count, low sperm motility (movement), and unexplained infertility. IUI increases the number of sperm in the fallopian tubes, where fertilization takes place.
Each treatment is called a cycle which begins from the first day of your ovulation period. The steps include:
- Egg production
- Tracking the eggs
- Washing the sperm
- Testing for pregnancy
Clomid and FSH IUI
Studies show that IUI is most successful when paired with fertility drugs. IUI is timed with ovulation (when eggs mature) and at least one fallopian tube must be open. The doctor will prescribe a medication called hCG to trigger ovulation. Clomid and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) are fertility drugs used to increase the number of ovulated eggs per cycle. This increases the likelihood of fertilization.
Intrauterine insemination is less invasive than many forms of assisted reproductive technology treatments, such as IVF. In addition, the procedure allows fertilization to occur within the body, and couples with male fertility problems have an easier time conceiving this way than with intercourse.
This treatment does require the couple to go to the doctor’s office as soon as ovulation occurs and the partner must be able to produce a semen sample through masterbation at the clinic. Fertility drugs are linked to conceiving two or more babies and increase risk for developing hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).